Analyzing rainfall

first_imgBy Sharon OmahenUniversity of GeorgiaJerry Walker thinks Georgia does a great job controllingemissions. And he should know. Twenty-five years ago he set up amonitoring site that analyzes chemicals in the state’s rainfallthat contribute to acidic rain.Now an emeritus professor with the University of Georgia, Walkerset up the first long-term wet-deposition monitoring site inGeorgia in 1978. The site was at a UGA College of Agriculturaland Environmental Sciences farm in Pike County.Now one of six in Georgia, the site is part of a 250-site networkrun by the National Atmospheric Deposition Program. Many sourcesfund the NADP, including state agricultural experiment stations,universities, industries and federal agencies.Analyzing the nation’s rainThe sites collect rain and snow samples across the nation.Scientists analyze them weekly for their chemical makeup. Thelower a substance’s pH, the more acidic it is.”By measuring and analyzing the rain, we can determine itslong-term effects on agricultural crops, forest and theenvironment,” Walker said. “The monitoring system allows us totrack the chemistry of storms and evaluate potential impacts ofnew sources of emissions.”John Melin, an engineering program specialist, has collected therain samples at the UGA site from the beginning. Every Tuesdaymorning, Melin and site operators across the nation collect,weigh and measure the pH of samples from their sites. Then theymail a subsample to the national office in Champaign, Ill., forfurther analysis.”Acid rain was a big concern in the 1970s,” Walker said. “But youhave to realize that normal rain has a pH level of 5.6, so it’salways a little on the acidic side. That’s because the carbondioxide in the air creates carbonic acid, which dissolves intothe rain.”Levels vary from state to statePure water has a pH of 7.0. In 2000, the most acidic rain in theUnited States had a pH of 4.3, according to the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency.In 2001, southwestern Ohio’s pH was 4.4. The Pike County, Ga., site’s pH was 4.8, Walker said. “It’s really hard to compare pHlevels, as they vary. It could be 4.3 in Pennsylvania and 5.5 inCalifornia.”Acid rain is worse in the Northeast and Midwest than in Georgia,he said.”That’s because of the emission of gases from the power plants… burning coal for fuel,” he said. “This creates a lot ofsulfur dioxide, which leads to sulfuric acid in the rain.”Scientists have confirmed that sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxidesare the main causes of acid rain. The EPA reports that two-thirdsof all sulfur dioxide and one-fourth of all nitrogen oxides inthe United States come from electric power generation.In Georgia, an estimated 26.7 percent of the sulfur emitted byutility units is returned through precipitation, Walker said.Plants benefit from the sulfur”Scientists have long recognized the importance of this elementto plant growth,” he said. “In some locations, sulfur is added todeficient soils.”Walker said he’s pleased with his 25 years of monitoringprecipitation in Georgia. “Our state panned out a lot better thanI thought it would in the beginning,” he said.”But that’s because we’ve made changes,” he said. “We’ve addedcontrols to our smoke stacks and decreased our auto emissions.Georgia’s a lot better off than some other states. So it’s notall doomsday like you often hear.”The goal of the national program is to pinpoint problems andrecord long-range trends.”The program’s data shows that, in general, things are better nowthan they were when the monitoring program was first started,”Walker said.To view the program’s findings, visit the NADP Web site(nadp.sws.uiuc.edu).last_img read more

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It’s hard not to be mesmerised by these views across the Brisbane River and the city

first_img37 Wendell St, Norman Park.IT’S not just her home’s location alongside the Brisbane River which made living in Wendell St, Norman Park, so enjoyable for Virginia Andronicos.Aside from the great location, she said the wonderful people in the rest of the street had made it so special.“I’ve never felt it before living anywhere else, the sense that I could walk up to any of the residents’ doors and ask for help,’’ she said.Inside the home, Ms Andronicos also says she hasn’t become oblivious to the property’s “mesmerising’’ view of the Brisbane River. 37 Wendell St, Norman Park.The house has Italian-style courtyards, two entertaining decks, a grand dining room and a rooftop terrace overlooking the city.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home1 hour agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor7 hours agoThe couple had bought another property about half the size, but Ms Andronicos said they had ensured it also had amazing river and city views because that was something they couldn’t give up.The Wendell St home is elevated high above the street on a 671sq m block of land with dual-street frontage. It is spread over two levels and features a neutral colour palette. 37 Wendell St, Norman Park.The ground level entrance has a chandelier and terrazzo flooring. The family room has high ceilings and airconditioning and this area leads out to the entertaining area.There is also a bedroom on this level with an ensuite, while another two bedrooms are close to a larger bathroom.Even the home office has river views.On the top level of the home is a formal dining and living area, which opens to a front balcony.The kitchen has a 900mm Baumatic cooktop and a walk-in pantry.The master bedroom is a real retreat with a large custom walk-in robe, ensuite and, once again, river and city views.There is a rooftop area designed entertaining. 37 Wendell St, Norman Park. DETAILS 37 Wendell St, Norman Park Four bed Three bathrooms Agent: Sarah and Damian Hackett 0488 355 553, Place Bulimba Auction: March 16, 6.30pm 37 Wendell St, Norman Park.Instead, she was constantly caught by surprise with its beauty, “whether you are starting the day with a cup of tea and sitting watching City Cats and river ferries or New Farm Park walkers, runners or tai chi classes, or practising yoga on your bedroom floor or rooftop deck’’.Ms Andronicos and her fiance have been in the property for eight years and spent that time transforming it into the beautiful home it now is.They created a very lush green courtyard off the kitchen, which was an ideal spot to cool down during the heat of the afternoon.“I always feel like the river and city lights are almost bidding me goodnight as I put the blinds down,” she said.last_img read more

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Youth MP’s speech on marriage prompts ‘intolerant’ walk-out

first_imgKura Waller, the Youth MP for Maori Party co-leader, Te Ururoa Flavell delivered a speech during the Youth Parliament earlier this month.Some of the youth MP’s were so intolerant and bigoted towards diversity of thought, they walked out.Below is the excellent speech given by Kura Waller:“Ngā mihi ki a koe, e Te Matua. Papaki tū ana ngā tai ki Mauao. I whakanukunukuhia, i whakanekenekehia, i whiua e Hotu a Wahinerua ki te wai, ki tai wiwī, ki tai wawā, arā, tihei mauri ora.[Greetings to you, Mr Speaker. The tides crashes ceaselessly upon Mauao where Hoturoa cast Wahinerua into the sea to appease the surging tides from here, there and everywhere and to manoeuvre and dislodge the vessel held fast. Behold the breath of life.]Māori are the natives of this country. We work just as hard as any other nationality here. If we are good enough to entertain your manuhiri, and if we are good enough to make New Zealand look good and make New Zealand unique, then we are good enough to sit in this Parliament. Perhaps my member of Parliament would believe that our Māori seats would much rather go to the Labour Party so it might become the Government, which is most unlikely.But to get to my point today, ladies and gentlemen, on 17 April 2013 Parliament took a vote to approve gay marriage in New Zealand. With 77 votes to 44, the verdict was clear. The New Zealand Parliament had gone mad. Receiving its Royal assent on 19 April, gay marriage will on 19 August be legalised. New Zealand will be the first country in the Pacific to legalise same-sex marriages, and the 13th overall in the world. During the time of the passing of this Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Bill, New Zealand received a lot of attention worldwide—from Ellen DeGeneres, Macklemore, and a few others. My questions are these, though. Did Parliament pass the law for attention, or did it pass the law to take attention away from the sly papers it was doing underneath?Bob McCroskie, the founder of lobby group Family First, said the bill undermined the traditional concept of marriage. Historically and culturally, marriage is about a man and a woman, and it should not be touched. After all this media attention has gone, will it still be worth it? Growing up Māori, never before have my kuia and my koroua ever told me that gay marriage was OK, or that being gay was OK. But I do not mean to offend anyone here; it is just my belief. Man was created for woman, and woman was created for man. Let us not get that confused. To quote The Lion King, gay people cannot reproduce, so they are not a part of the circle of life.After the exploitation of marriage, the next thing you know, people might be going to ask for three-way marriages, four-way, and so forth. This fight is not one for equality and not one for rights, but we are human, we live in a free country, and we have the right to marry a woman or marry a man. If Australia has the sense not to pass such a bill, then why can we not? Which is more memorable, the country that gives in first or the one that is last?”last_img read more

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Women’s hockey hopes to poison Ivy

first_imgGREGORY DIXON/Herald photoWhile the talk on campus of No. 1 seeds, conference championships, and rankings at the top of the polls may usually circulate around the men’s basketball program, there’s another UW team closing in on a national championship and the spotlight.The No. 1 UW women’s hockey team — and the only Badger squad playing at home this weekend — will take center stage as they host an NCAA quarterfinal game against No. 6 Harvard Saturday night at the Kohl Center.Last year, Wisconsin also earned a first-round home game, but was forced to play at the Capital Center. Having this season’s game on campus will offer the Badgers a significant home-ice advantage as they try to advance to the Frozen Four for the second consecutive season.”We really feed off of it,” alternate captain Phoebe Monteleone said of having an energetic crowd. “It’s really exciting, and we love it when people come. Last year kind of got us on the radar, and now it’s a time for us to showcase who we are as a team.”Whether they win or lose their showcase, this will also mark the final home game for the UW seniors, a bittersweet thought for them.”It’s hard to put into words,” senior captain Bobbi-Jo Slusar said. “I guess end strong. That’s what I’m hoping for.”For Monteleone, skating for the last time in Madison gives an opportunity to reflect on her time with the program.”It’s pretty special for us; our senior class has come a long way,” Monteleone echoed. “This is what we worked for all year, to host an NCAA tournament game in our last game here.”On the other side, Harvard will be doing everything it can to ruin the seniors’ final game and send Wisconsin packing early. The Crimson’s offense comes into the game averaging 4.30 goals per game, the most prolific offense the Badgers have played all season and good for best in the nation.In fact, Harvard’s team statistics largely mirror those of UW’s, as both teams post outstanding numbers in scoring and defense. Leading the Harvard charge is senior Patty Kazmaier finalist and the NCAA’s all time leading scorer Julie Chu. A win this weekend for Wisconsin means shutting down Chu without ignoring the rest of her talented teammates.Wisconsin is quite familiar with Chu, though; coach Mark Johnson coached her in the Four Nation’s Cup earlier in the season. In the same tournament, Slusar, playing for Team Canada, got a chance to play against Harvard’s leading scorer.”She’s a great player,” Slusar said of Chu. “That’s just something we have to recognize when she’s on the ice, and we have to take it to her.”While Chu certainly has outstanding credentials, the Badgers also understand that they can’t play in awe of her.”There’s no doubt how talented she is,” Monteleone said. “At the same time she’s just another hockey player.”Current Patty Kazmaier Award holder and second-time finalist Sara Bauer won’t be paying too much attention to the showcase of her and Chu.”I think if you get distracted by one-on-one battles you’re not doing what you need to do to help the team,” Bauer said.A virtual lock to earn an NCAA tournament bid since the start of the season, this weekend will mark the first time all season for the Badgers when a loss means a certain end to the season. That, along with earning the opportunity to defend their national championship, means that their expectations are high, and there’s plenty at stake for the Badgers Saturday.”There’s definitely a need to prove ourselves,” Slusar said. “But we’re all really energized and fired up and excited. It’s going to be a challenge and a hard fought battle; we have to be consistent and positive and solid.”Even though Wisconsin may face added pressure as the defending national champions, the pressure does not fall on the Badgers alone.”Of course there’s pressure,” Monteleone said. “But there’s just as much on them as there is on us.”With women’s hockey’s most prestigious award — a trip to the Frozen Four — and a shot at the national championship on the line, there’s plenty of pressure to go around.last_img read more

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DONEGAL DAILY COMPETITION: WIN TWO FREE TICKETS TO MIKE DENVER AND AN OVERNIGHT STAY AT VILLA ROSE HOTEL

first_imgYou can win TWO Mike Denver Tickets AND an overnight Stay for TWO at the Villa Rose Hotel, Ballybofey.To enter simply share this story on your Facebook page and you will automatically be entered into the draw to WIN!Scoil Mhuire, Stranorlar are delighted to announce that Mike Denver and his band will be playing a Fundraising Dance in the Villa Rose Hotel on Sunday the 15th of March – Mother’s Day. This fundraiser is vitally important, as all money raised will be going towards the purchase of a set of class tablets and improvements needed in the Junior Yard.All involved have been working on this projects for a number of months and are hoping the fundraiser will make a huge difference.Organisers are asking for people from both near and far to support this dance on the night as every ticket counts and it is sure to be an enjoyable and lively occasion on the weekend before St. Patricks Day.The Villa Rose Hotel have package deals available to book with Tickets and Dinner included for only €39pp or an Overnight stay with Tickets & Dinner for only €75pp, this is the ideal Mother’s Day Gift. Tickets can be purchased from hotel reception or over the phone on 074-9132266.Entries for the draw close on 13/03/15. Prize is for 2 people sharing. Competition T&C apply. DONEGAL DAILY COMPETITION: WIN TWO FREE TICKETS TO MIKE DENVER AND AN OVERNIGHT STAY AT VILLA ROSE HOTEL was last modified: March 5th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:EntertainmentFeaturesnewslast_img read more

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